Types of cancer

As there is more than one type of cancer that can affect the throat it is very important you know which cancer it is that you or your loved one has been diagnosed with.

Treatment can be very different for each type of cancer and advice may vary. Cancers are generally treated according to where they have started in the body. For example, thyroid cancer will have a different treatment programme from oropharyngeal cancer even though they are quite close to each other in the body.

Check with your medical professional for an exact diagnosis. This means you can be sure you are getting the right information from our site.

  • Hypopharyngeal Cancer

    The hypopharynx is where the larynx (throat) and the oesophagus (gullet) meet.

  • Laryngeal cancer

    Laryngeal cancer or larynx cancer affects the larynx, also known as the voice box.


  • Nasopharyngeal cancer

    The nasopharynx is a small box like chamber which lies just behind the nose and is part of the pharynx (the throat)

  • Oesophogeal Cancer

    The oesophagus (esophagus in US English) is what connects the stomach to the throat.


  • Oral Cavity Cancer

    Many people will refer to this kind of cancer a mouth cancer.

  • Oropharyngeal Cancer

    Oropharyngeal cancer is the name given to cancers which affect the part of the throat called the Oropharynx.


  • Paranasal Sinus Cancer

    The paranasal sinuses are hollow areas around the nose which produce mucus which prevents the nose from drying out when breathing.

  • Salivary gland cancer

    A rare type of cancer which accounts for only 2% of head and neck cancers.


  • Thyroid Cancer

    The thyroid lives in the front part of the neck, just below the Adam's apple.


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